Michael Ellars

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Michael Ellars, AIA, APX, CSI, CDT, LEED AP, CASp

Chapter 11B, Division 2 (Scoping)

2013 CBC Revisions:
Intervening Code Cycle


Chapter 11B, Division 2 (Scoping) 

Clarification of Priorities

11B-202.4 Path of travel requirements in alterations, additions and structural repairs. … Exceptions: … 8. … In choosing which accessible elements to provide, priority should be given to those elements that will provide the greatest access in the following order:

  1. An accessible entrance;
  2. An accessible route to the altered area;
  3. At least one accessible restroom for each sex or a single accessible unisex restroom;
  4. Accessible telephones;
  5. Accessible drinking fountains; and
  6. When possible, additional accessible elements such as parking, signs, storage and alarms.

Aligns with 2010 ADA Standards for unisex restroom and clarifies that such restroom must be accessible. Add “signs” to priority list of items for consistency.

Employee Area Redefinition

Original (2013)New (2015)
11B-203.9 Employee work areas. Spaces and elements within employee work areas shall only be required to comply with Sections 11B-206.2.8, 11B-207.1, and 11B-215.3, and shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the employee work area. 11B-203.9 Employee workstations. Employee workstations shall be on an accessible route complying with Division 4. Spaces and elements within employee workstations shall only be required to comply with Sections 11B-207.1, 11B-215.3, 11B-302, 11B-303, and 11B-404.2.3. Common use circulation paths within employee workstations shall comply with Section 11B-206.2.8.

11B-203.9 Employee workstations. Employee workstations shall be on an accessible route complying with Division 4. Spaces and elements within employee workstations shall only be required to comply with Sections 11B-206.2.8, 11B-207.1, and 11B-215.3, 11B-302, 11B-303, and 11B-404.2.3 and shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the employee work area. Common use circulation paths within employee workstations shall comply with Section 11B-206.2.8.

Returns to language from 2010 CBC that limits accessibility exceptions to employee workstations rather than the more broadly applicable employee work areas. There are narrow design cases where this distinction might have made a difference.

Elevator Exception

11B-206.2.3.2 Distance to elevators. … an accessible means of vertical access via ramp, elevator or lift shall be provided within 200 feet (60,960 mm) of travel of each (new) stair and each (new) escalator. …

Exception: Stairs used solely for emergency egress.

Exterior/Ground Floor Exits Exception

11B-206.4.1 Entrances and exterior ground floor exits. All entrances and exterior ground-floor exits to buildings and facilities shall comply with Section 11B-404.

Exceptions: … 2. Exits in excess of those required by Chapter 10, and which are more than 24 inches (610 mm) above grade shall not be required to comply with Section 11B-404. Directional signage shall comply with Chapter 10, Section 1007.10. Such doors shall have warning signs complying with Section 11B-703.5, stating that they are not accessible.

Directional signs were not previously required by Chapter 11B (a warning sign is not the same thing as a directional sign). This revision clarifies that the intent is to provide a directional sign for persons with disabilities to locate the nearest accessible entrance, as required by Section 1007.10 in Chapter 10.

Destination-Oriented Elevators

11B-206.6 Elevators. Elevators provided for passengers shall comply with Section 11B-407. Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall comply with Section 11B-407.

Exceptions: … 3. Destination-oriented elevators complying with Section 11B-411 shall be permitted.

11B-206.6.1 Existing elevators. Where elements of existing elevators are altered, the same element shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the altered elevator and shall comply with the requirements of Section 11B-407 for the altered element.

Exception: Where a group of existing elevators are altered into a destination-oriented elevator system, or where elements of existing destination-oriented elevators are altered, the same elements shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond to the same call console or group of call consoles and shall comply with the requirements of Section 11B-411 for the altered elements.

These exceptions have been added for direction to the new technical requirements for destination-oriented elevators in Division 4, Section 11B-411.

Drinking Fountains

11B-211.2 Minimum number. No fewer than two drinking fountains shall be provided. When provided, one drinking fountain shall comply with Sections 11B-602.1 through 11B-602.6, 11B-602.8 and 11B-602.9 and one drinking fountain shall comply with Sections 11B-602.7 and 11B-602.9.

Exception: Where a single drinking fountain complies with Sections 11B-602.1 through 11B-602.6 and 11B-602.7 11B-602.9, it shall be permitted to be substituted for two separate drinking fountains.

11B-211.3 More than minimum number. Where more than the minimum number of drinking fountains specified in Section 11B-211.2 are provided, 50 percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall comply with Sections 11B-602.1 through 11B-602.6, 11B-602.8 and 11B-602.9, and 50 percent of the total number of drinking fountains provided shall comply with Sections 11B-602.7 and 11B-602.9.

Clarifies that drinking fountains are not necessarily required, and reinstates inadvertent omissions of Sections 11B-602.8 Depth and 1B-602.9 Pedestrian Protection from the requirements.

Plumbing Fixtures and Accessories

11B-213.3.1 Toilet compartments. Where toilet compartments are provided, at least 5 percent but no fewer than one toilet compartment shall comply with Section 11B-604.8.1. In addition to the compartments required to comply with Section 11B-604.8.1, at least one compartment shall comply with Section 11B-604.8.2 where six or more toilet compartments are provided, or where the combination of urinals and water closets totals six or more fixtures, toilet compartments complying with Section 11B-604.8.2 shall be provided in the same quantity as the toilet compartments required to comply with Section 11B-604.8.1.

11B-213.3.2 Water closets. Where water closets are provided, at least 5 percent but no fewer than one shall comply with Section 11B-604.

11B-213.3.3 Urinals. Where one or more urinals are provided, at least 10 percent but no fewer than one shall comply with Section 11B-605.

11B-213.3.4 Lavatories. Where lavatories are provided, at least 10 percent but no fewer than one shall comply with Section 11B-606 and shall not be located in a toilet compartment.

Recognizes need for increased number of accessible sanitary facilities where, due to occupancy classification, large numbers of persons are present (such as theaters). This change should have no impact on most sanitary facilities in “normal” building sizes.

Parking Signs

Eliminated Exception 2 to Section 11B-216.1, which used to read “11B-216.5 Parking. Signs identifying parking spaces and signs within parking facilities shall comply with Section 11B- 216.5.”, in favor of the following:

11B-216.5 Parking. Signs identifying parking spaces and signs within parking facilities shall comply with Section 11B-216.5.

11B-216.5.1 Parking spaces. Parking spaces complying with Section 11B-502 shall be identified by signs complying with Section 11B-502.6.

Exceptions: …

11B-216.5.2 Parking facilities. Signs intended for use by pedestrians within parking facilities, including directional or informational signs indicating parking sections or levels, shall comply with the requirements of Section 11B-216.

Per DSA rationale, “Signs provided solely for the use of persons operating vehicles are not regulated by Chapter 11B, except for signs identifying accessible parking spaces. The requirements for signs identifying accessible parking spaces are contained in Section 11B-216.5.1.” This change should not have an impact on most parking facility signage.

Geometric Symbol at Toilet and Bathing Rooms

11B-216.8 Toilet rooms and bathing rooms. Doorways leading Entrances to toilet rooms and bathing rooms complying with Section 11B-603 shall be identified by a geometric symbol complying with Section 11B-703.7.2.6. …

Geometric symols (circles, triangles, superimposed triangles on circles) are required for all toilet and bathing rooms in California, regardless of their accessible status and regardless of whether they feature a traditional doorway as the entry point. Note, however, that this only requires the raised shape; other pictograms or text are not required (but must comply with other requirements in Division 7 if provided). Importantly, the International Symbol of Accessibility (ISA) must not be included if the restroom is not accessible.

Variable Message Signs

11B-216.14 Variable message signs. Where provided in transportation facilities, variable message signs conveying transportation-related information shall comply with Section 11B-703.8. Where provided in buildings that are designed as emergency shelters, variable message signs conveying emergency-related information shall comply with Section 11B-703.8.

Accessible Assembly Seating

11B-221.2 Wheelchair spaces.

11B-221.2.5 Removable chairs.NOTE: When required wheelchair spaces are not occupied by persons eligible for those spaces, individual, removable seats may be placed in those spaces.

11B-221.3 Companion seats. At least one companion seat complying with Section 11B-802.3 shall be provided for immediately adjacent to each wheelchair space required by Section 11B-221.2.1.

Demoted Section 11B-221.2.5, which allows “individual, removable seats” to be placed in unoccupied wheelchair spaces, to a note because this is an operational item that is not enforceable by the building official. Clarified that companion seats must be located “immediately adjacent” to their associated wheelchair spaces.

Baby Changing Tables

Related Technical Requirements

11B-603.5 Accessories. Where towel or sanitary napkin dispensers, waste receptacles, or other accessories are provided in toilet facilities, at least one of each type shall be located on an accessible route. All operable parts, including coin slots, shall be 40 inches (1016 mm) maximum above the finish floor.

Exception: Baby changing tables are not required to comply with Section 11B-603.5.

11B-226.4 Baby changing tables. Baby changing tables shall comply with Sections 11B-309 and 11B-902. Baby changing tables when deployed shall not obstruct the required width of an accessible route except as allowed by Section 11B-307.2. Baby changing tables shall not be located in toilet compartments complying with Section 11B-604.8 within a multiple accommodation toilet facility.

The types of baby changing tables currently offered for sale are not capable of providing both knee/toe clearance and maximm operable controls within 40 inches of the finished floor. Clarifies that baby changing tables are not “toilet accessories” even thought they are usually installed in toilet facilities. Prohibits installation in the accessible water closet compartment of multiple accommodation toilet facilities. Baby changing tables are often left in the “open” position after use, which negatively impacts the accessibility within a wheelchar compartment.

Check-Out Aisles

11B-227.2 Check-out aisles. Where check-out aisles are provided, … check-out aisles complying with Section 11B-904.3 shall be dispersed. When check-out aisles are open for customer use, a minimum of one accessible check-out aisle shall always be available. As check-out aisles are opened and closed based on fluctuating customer levels, the number of accessible check-out aisles available shall comply with Table 11B-227.2. When not all check-out aisles are accessible, accessible check-out aisles shall be identified by a sign complying with Section 11B-904.3.4.

NOTE: Operational procedures are often necessary to ensure the Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility requirements are met.When check-out aisles are open for customer use, the business should ensure that a minimum of one accessible check-out aisle is always available for use by persons with disabilities. As check-out aisles are opened and closed based on fluctuating customer levels, the business should ensure that the number of accessible check-out aisles available complies with Table 11B-227.2.

Revised language and separted out some clauses as notes because they are operational items that are not enforceable by the building official.

Detectable Warnings at Bus Stops

11B-247.1.2.4 Bus stops. Bus stop pads shall provide a square curb surface or detectable warnings complying Where detectable warnings are provided at bus stop boarding and alighting areas in compliance with Section 11B-810.2.3, detectable warnings shall comply with Sections 11B-705.1.1 and 11B-705.1.2.4.

Deleted obsolete language in favor of consistency with other provisions.